Here’s a list of some of the secondary sources that I’ve compiled thus far for my research project.

Brier, Jennifer. “”Save Our Kids, Keep AIDS out:” Anti-AIDS Activism and the Legacy of Community Control in Queens, New York.” Journal of Social History 39, no.4 (2006): 965-987. (accessed February 2017)

This article describes the 1985 activist movements against allowing people with AIDS into public spaces, particularly in schools and classrooms, in New York. Especially in the early years of the crisis, such public demonstrations were common across America: Jennifer Brier examines the paranoia and fear that sparked such protests and provides a more in-depth understanding of these cultural ideologies as a reaction to disaster.

Callwood, June. Trial Without End: A Shocking Story of Women and AIDS. Toronto: Knopf Canada, 1995.

In this text June Callwood describes the 1993 Canadian court case in which Charles Ssenyonga was convicted of knowingly spreading HIV to various female sexual partners. This text uses an important case study to explore the gendered constructs that shaped the AIDS crisis and the fear surrounding heterosexual AIDS. As well, it describes the evolving role of the legal system during this period of disaster.

Fee, Elizabeth and Manon Perry. “Jonathan Mann, HIV/AIDS, and Human Rights.” Journal of Public Health Policy 29, no. 1 (2008): 54-71. (accessed February 2017)

Elizabeth Fee and Manon Parry tell the story of WHO’s director of the Global Programme on AIDS Jonathan Mann as he redefined the ways of thinking about AIDS from a human rights’ perspective. By re-evaluating AIDS as a social disease, argue the authors, Mann created some of the basic frameworks for handling the AIDS crisis on a global scale. This text offers some insights into the development of disaster management during the AIDS crisis. 

Iliffe, John. The African AIDS Epidemic: A History. Oxford: Ohio University Press, 2006.

This text offers a broad history of HIV/AIDS in the continent of Africa. From the spread of ‘slim’ disease in Uganda to the racialized attitudes in apartheid South Africa to the cultural practices of sexuality of sub-Saharan Africa, John Iliffe considers the distinctive characteristics of HIV and the medical reasons for its severity in Africa. His work provides greater perspective on medical and social history of the AIDS crisis in Africa. 

Kalichman, Seth. Denying AIDS: Conspiracy Theories, Pseudoscience, and Human Tragedy. New York: Copernicus Books, 2009. (accessed February 2017).

In this text, Seth Kalichman interrogates the conspiracies that cultivated around HIV and AIDS during the AIDS crisis as well as their social and political significance. By exploring the contemporary forms of HIV denialism, Kalichman deconstructs the development of such conspiratorial schools of thought within a framework of disaster, as well as the scientific response. 

Moffitt, Kimberly and Duncan Campbell (editors). The 1980s : A Critical and Transitional Decade. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2011.

 This text provides insights into the social, cultural, and political atmosphere of the AIDS crisis in the early eighties. In particular, the essays “How Broadway has Cared: The AIDS Epidemic and the Great White Way” by Virginia Andersen and “Counterpublic Art and Social Practice” by Philip Glahn interrogate the expression of AIDS within the artistic communities of America as well as the remembering of the AIDS crisis through different media. This book offers a greater analysis of the entire 1980’s and all the factors that contributed to the AIDS crisis. 


Oldstone, Michael. Viruses, Plagues, and History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

This text offers the medical histories of several major epidemics in America including polio and HIV/AIDS. Focusing on the social, political, and technological developments that occurred during these disasters, Oldstone deconstructs many of the myths that surrounded the spread of these diseases. His text provides me with the basic narratives of HIV/AIDS and its historiography of disease.

Treichler, Paula. How to Have Theory in an Epidemic: Cultural Chronicles of AIDS. Durham: Duke University Press, 1999.

Paula Treichler deconstructs the cultural mythologies surrounding AIDS in America during the AIDS crisis. Analyzing the racial, sexual, and gendered dimensions of the history of the crisis, Treichler complicates many of the narratives that surrounded the disease during its disastrous years. The text provides a more critical perspective into the social understandings of AIDS.

Willinger, Barbara and Alan Rice. A History of AIDS Social Work in Hospitals: A Daring Response to an Epidemic. New York: Haworth Press, 2003.

This text describes the development of AIDS care, particularly in San Francisco where they developed the “San Francisco model of care” for HIV-positive patients. Using the oral histories of AIDS care workers and doctors, the authors explore the first attempts at treatments throughout the AIDS crisis in America. In this way they demonstrate one form of disaster management that emerged from the beginning but was not properly distributed until much later. 

Those are some of my main sources. Here are a couple others that might feature less prominently throughout my research.

And here’s some texts that aren’t quite secondary sources but aren’t quite primary sources either. While they provide scholarly analysis of certain aspects of the disaster, they were written right in the middle of the AIDS crisis and therefore reflect the historical context of their creation.

  • Dixon, John Edward. Catastrophic Rights: Experimental Drugs & AIDS. Vancouver: New Star Books, 1990.
  • Fee, Elizabeth and Daniel Fox. AIDS: The Burdens of History. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.
  • Fumento, Michael. The Myth of Heterosexual AIDS. New York: Basic Books, 1990.
  • World Health Organization. AIDS: Images of the Epidemic. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1994.